"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish kapos and Abwehr agents

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Several former Jewish policemen from Riga, Latvia describe the division of the .... The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum purchased the archive of ...
The Gestapo abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe. The force was created by Hermann Göring in 1933 by combining the various security police agencies of Prussia ..... Sabotage efforts were undertaken by members of the Abwehr (military ...
Jun 10, 2017 - Marina Yarashuk, director of the Museum of Jewish Resistance of ... But unlike many people — including residents of the United States — the ...
Missing: capos ‎Abwehr
Dec 13, 2013 - Holocaust survivors and Jews wishing to escape communism in Eastern .... In order to protect this effort to expose Soviet agentsAmerican ...... against JewishTerrorism, 1945–1948 (Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press 2009) p.13. .... He also used Charles or Karol – the name given to him by Abwehr in 1940.
Apr 19, 2013 - A group of Jewish people are moved from the Warsaw Ghetto by German soldiers on 19 April 1943 ... Hundreds of people including Holocaust survivors gathered at the ..... And we wont mention the half dozen or so Abwehr agents who ..... mention uncle Prescott Bush acting as Hitler's legal agent in the US.
by JS Brice - ‎Cited by 2 - ‎Related articles
Oct 27, 1979 - for the gruesome murders that will multiply all about us, committed by ...... foreigners, minorities and Jews, however, the amount of violence and number of ...... The agency of the Nazis in setting up the totalitarian state and ...... Robert Rozett (2001): “Published Memoirs of Holocaust Survivors. ...... Capo, 161.
Jews, Germans and Poles in Occupied Poland during World War II[4] ... With few exceptions, Holocaust survivors are also in denial about this phenomenon. ..... Their propaganda not only influenced the Gentiles, it also influenced us Jews. ...... the German Abwehr (intelligence service), employed some 820 Jewish agents in ...
The Vatican and the United States: Rapprochement in Time of War .... all the people of the Holy Land and to be agents of justice for all the people who .... Upon his return to Germany, his interactions with the Abwehr, Germany's ..... with two Holocaust survivors, Alfred and Susanne Batzdorff. ...... New York: Da Capo Press,.
3.5 The Jewish Memorial at Sosenki constructed by Israeli and international ... from the U.S.Holocaust Museum; to Tikva Fatal-Kna'ani,. Eliot Nidam ..... (OSS)—infiltrated several of its German-speaking secret agents into. Prisoner of War ...... former agent in the Ukrainian Section of the German Abwehr (Military Intelligence),.
Germany and Nazi Germany brutality against the Jews, Poles and Russians is ...... And when Holocaust survivors in the United States brought a class action suit against ...... the German state apparatus, particularly the Abwehr and the Foreign Office. ..... The Germany armies in the Eastern front did not have Gestapo agents ...
by S Huebel - ‎2017
Oct 19, 2017 - This approach, I believe, allows the historian to perceive agency ... According to Butler: The performance of a gender is compelled by norms that none of us choose. ...... See for instance Heinemann Stern, Angriff und Abwehr: Ein ...... a wealth of primary testimonies by Holocaust survivors, Nechama Tec ...
Jan 23, 2003 - I, like many Christians, believe that God has given us the Bible as our ... about the Jewish people from Genesis 12:3, "And I will bless them that bless ...... Agency's Fargo, North Dakota Field Office and inquired about any investigation ...... were met by a delegation of Jewish Holocaust survivors who were.
We prefer payment by credit card, but we also accept checks in US funds or www.paypal.com. ... tool in small Jewish communities in Canada and the American West at the time. ...... Holocaust survivors -- Israel -- Biography. ..... Moses was a member of the delegation of the Jewish Agency at the United Nations and in 1949, ...
May 16, 2018 - left half opens the rubric, the right half which is all CAPS takes you to the site with ...... the American Gathering of Jewish Holocaust Survivors, is vice president of the ...... By then, he was an agent of the German Abwehr,.
tural definitions of Germanness must not be underestimated – reminding us of ..... Time and again, Jews were accused of being “German agents” or ...... Juden auf den Antisemitismus,” in Einspruch und Abwehr: Die Reaktion des europäischen ...... Long after the end of World War II, some Croatian Holocaust survivors also.
Over one and a half million Ukrainian Jews fell victim to the Holocaust between ... Shmuel Spector, and Eliyahu Yones, who were themselves Holocaust survivors and who ..... American intelligence agencies often cooperated in these acts. ..... Hryn'okh, a member of the OUN-B and the chaplain for the German Abwehr bat-.
by E KENNEDY - ‎2012 - ‎Cited by 2 - ‎Related articles
NCCJ: National Conference on Christians and Jews Archive (University of Minnesota, Min- ... the U.S. embargo of Spain because it helped a Nationalist victory aided by Nazi ... dard Oil . . . and Gulf Oil provide cover for OSS agents in Madrid." A ..... C. Molinero et al., Una inmensa prisión: los campos de concentración y las ...
Aug 17, 2011 - A new book by a Paris-based American historian suggests Coco Chanel ... but that she herself was also an agent of Germany's Abwehr military ...
tems of Jew and non-Jew alike as a breach open to ..... ing of Jewish Holocaust Survivorsand Their ...... U.S.-based Mossad agents to take out a U.S. ...... cigar-smoking capo for attention from the camera. ...... one black Abwehr spy. Willy Baarn.

"Our first line of defense&quot: presidential reflections on U.S. intelligence. ... Center for the Study of Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency: Library of Congress ..... New York: Beate Klarsfeld Foundation and Holocaust Survivors & Friends in ...... Ferencz, Benjamin B. Less than slaves: Jewish forced labor and the quest for ...
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"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
"Holocaust survivors" in US as Jewish capos and Abwehr agents - Google Search
10 Nazi Spies and Their Espionage Plots In America
GEHLEN DIES AT 77; - The New York Times
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Why Do We Repeat the Past?
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10 Nazi Spies and Their Espionage Plots In America

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Even before U.S. involvement in World War Two, Nazi strategists—including Abwehr, the German intelligence agency—began inserting operatives into American cities or turning German-American citizens to the Nazi cause. The practice continued throughout the war. While there were some notable successes, especially prior to American involvement in the war, there were also some spectacular failures. Here are ten German spies and their plots, which occurred on U.S. soil during the 1930s and 1940s.
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10The Long Island Landing
Dasch
In June 1942, German submarine U-202 carried a small group of would-be saboteurs to a position off the coast of Long Island, New York. The four spies, led by George John Dasch, were expected to perform acts of violence including blowing up bridges, railways, and factories in New York City and the East Coast over a planned two year period. Dasch and his men comprised half of the assignment known as “Operation Pastorius” (see #4 for the other half), Hitler’s pet project which his intelligence advisors told him didn’t have a chance of success. The chosen men were inexperienced, and had very little training in intelligence operations.
The mission didn’t get off to a great start. The U-boat became stuck on a sandbar off Amagansett. Heavy swells made getting to shore in an inflatable raft an extremely hair-raising prospect. The men barely had enough time to bury their supplies—explosives, blasting caps, and timers—and strip out of their uniforms, when a Coast Guard patrolman, John Cullen, almost literally stumbled over them. A nervous Dasch lost his cool, threatened Cullen, and forced a significant cash bribe on him to keep his mouth shut.
Cullen did no such thing. He reported the suspicious incident. A little digging on the beach turned up four crates of explosives and equipment, German uniforms, and the stubs of German cigarettes. The FBI was brought into the case, and a search of Amagansett and Long Island began, but Dasch and his group had already made their way to New York City.
While the other three Nazi spies hid out in a hotel, Dasch went to Washington, DC, where he turned himself in and rolled over on his fellow saboteurs. He got a sentence of thirty years in prison, instead of being executed like six other members of the ill-fated Operation Pastorius. He received clemency in 1948, and was deported to West Germany.
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In November 1944, two German agents were landed in America—not to commit sabotage this time, but to gather intelligence on U.S. military ships, aircraft, and weapons. If possible, they were also to cause delays in America’s development of the atomic bomb. The spies were Erich Gimpel, a native of Germany and former Abwehr courier who spoke English, and William Colepaugh, an American of German descent, a Nazi sympathizer, and a shady character who had little experience of spy craft.
German submarine U-1230 dropped Colepaugh and Gimpel ashore near Bar Harbor, close by Hancock Point, Maine. Their clothes weren’t suited for the cold New England weather and the falling snow, but they managed to walk from the beach on back roads carrying their expensive new luggage full of fake IDs, guns, cameras, cash, and diamonds to a railway station, where they took a train to Boston and then to New York City.
Once in NYC, rather than getting down to the business of spying and surreptitious activities, the unstable and alcoholic Colepaugh began a spree of drinking, partying, and womanizing, much to Gimpel’s vocal disgust. In one month, Colepaugh ran through $1,500 of the money they’d been given for operating expenses. Shortly before Christmas, Colepaugh abandoned Gimpel and absconded with the rest of the money—more than $40,000—and a female companion of dubious repute, ending up at an expensive hotel.
After a final drunken binge over the holiday, Colepaugh turned himself in to the FBI on December 29. Neither he nor Gimpel had done any actual spying during their brief time in NYC. Colepaugh told authorities everything he knew, including where to find Gimpel.
Despite his cooperation with the American government, Colepaugh was tried in a closed military tribunal with Gimpel. Both men were sentenced to death, but the end of the war delayed the executions and the sentences were commuted to life imprisonment. Gimpel was released in 1955 and returned to West Germany to write his memoirs, while Colepaugh was granted parole in 1960, and settled down to a quiet life in Pennsylvania.
2010 09 05 Pyramidon 02 Bayer Orig
Born in Germany, Maximilian Gerhard Waldemar Othmer came to the U.S. in 1919. The affable, likable man became a naturalized citizen by 1935, married an American woman, and settled down with his family and a temporary job as a vacuum cleaner salesman. Despite the fact that he made frequent trips to Germany, no one guessed that Othmer was a sleeper agent for Abwehr.
He became involved with the pro-Nazi German-American Bund, eventually becoming the leader of the Trenton, New Jersey, branch while working in the Brooklyn Navy Yard. After establishing himself as a hard-working, average guy, he got a job at Camp Pendleton (Norfolk, Virginia) military base, on the orders of German intelligence. In this position, he was able to send information to his handlers in Germany about British and American military vessels, convoys, and merchant ships in the port as well as Allied ship movements. In 1942, he was transferred by the Army to Knoxville, Tennessee.
An ongoing FBI investigation into Othmer, due to his open Nazi sympathies, proved inconclusive. By 1944, a new FBI investigation turned up some crucial facts—including Othmer’s unusual request to a New Jersey dentist for Pyramidon, a common European painkiller used by Abwehr agents as an ingredient in invisible ink. He was brought in by the FBI’s Knoxville division for questioning, and immediately confessed to being a Nazi espionage agent. He’d been sending information written in code in invisible ink to his handlers, but he denied sending any letters after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Othmer refused to name other agents, but he did turn over a microfilm containing a code he used when communicating with Abwehr, which was linked to other espionage cases. He was tried as a spy, convicted, and sentenced to twenty years in prison.
7Guenther Rumrich’s Passport Ploy
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Born in Chicago, Illinois to an Austro-Hungarian father and raised in Germany, Guenther Gustav Rumrichreturned to America in 1929 and served in the U.S. Army’s Medical Corps in Panama until his desertion in 1936.
He became suspected in 1938 of possible spy activities because of Mrs. Jessie Jordan in Dundee, Scotland. She was a woman under surveillance by Britain’s intelligence agency, MI-5, who believed her to be an operative working for the Germans by acting as a mail drop, passing letters to and from a Nazi spy ring in New York City. Mrs. Jordan’s communications with “Mr. Crown” were intercepted by MI-5. As it turned out, Crown was Rumrich’s code name, and the letters were orders and instructions from his Abwehr handlers.
The head of MI-5 turned the information over to the FBI. Rumrich was put under federal surveillance, and a trap was set—but he didn’t fall for it. Instead, in February 1938, he called the Passport Office in NYC. Masquerading as the U.S. Undersecretary of State, he requested thirty-five blank passports be sent to his address. The suspicious clerk he spoke to over the phone reported the incident to the authorities. Rumrich was arrested in what became America’s first major prewar espionage case.
Rumrich supplied information about his fellow agents, who were also arrested. At their trials, he acted as a witness for the prosecution. For his cooperation, he was given a light sentence of two years in prison. Unfortunately, more important Nazi spies escaped the FBI’s net, and the case was not considered to be a complete success. The New York spy ring case pointed out America’s vulnerability to foreign espionage efforts, and prompted government action.
The Rumrich case was fictionalized in the 1939 film, Confessions of a Nazi Spy.
Spies
Born in Vienna, Austria, to wealthy and respectable parents in 1914, Lilly Stein’s early activities included exhibition ice skating and tennis. However, her contacts with Viennese café society, separation from her family, and possibly her affair with an American career diplomat and U.S. State Department official, Ogden H. Hammond, Jr., led the willowy and buxom brunette socialite to be recruited by Abwehr as an intelligent agent.
In 1939, Lilly was sent to New York City, where she opened a dress shop with new friends. She recruited agents for Abwehr and acted as a forwarding address, successfully moving letters containing orders or sensitive stolen information to and from Germany for fellow spies. Her affair with Hammond continued, though she later claimed that their relationship was “purely platonic.” According to the FBI, Lilly was a cautious spy; she put nothing in writing and carried nothing incriminating on her person except the occasional microfilm.
The dress shop venture soon failed, however, and the pay from her Nazi handlers was usually late, often leaving her scrambling to pay the rent. To make ends meet, she worked as an artist’s model. It wasn’t long before her constant complaints and demands for money tested Abwehr’s patience to the limit—eventually forcing them to cut her loose from their operations.
Lilly was rounded up in June, 1941, as part of the infamous Duquesne spy ring (see #1). Despite her assertion that she was forced into the espionage business because she wasn’t purely Aryan—and therefore faced being put in a forced labor camp, deported, or worse when the Nazis took Austria if she refused to cooperate—she received a ten year prison sentence.
5The Norden Bombsight Blueprints
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Although he moved to New York City in 1927 at the age of twenty-five and worked towards naturalization for years, Hermann W. Langalways remained loyal to the country of his birth: Germany. That loyalty would lead him to acquire valuable intelligence for the Nazi spy agency, Abwehr, after he was recruited during a visit home in 1938.
A draftsman by trade, Lang worked in a factory for the Carl L. Norden Corp., which manufactured top secret U.S. military and defense equipment and materials. One of their most guarded projects was an improved bombsight for the Navy and Air Force—considered so vital to U.S. interests that the fact of its existence was kept under lock and key. Not even America’s closest allies, including Britain, were given access to the Norden bombsight, since the government wished to maintain the country’s neutrality at the beginning of war in Europe.
As a factory inspector, Lang had access to the bombsight’s blueprints. Company policy forbade anyone from taking the blueprints out of the office, but he managed to sneak a set home and make a copy, which was later smuggled to Germany in an umbrella carried by another agent on a passenger cruise liner. Lang continued to work at his job and send other details via a German network until he was arrested as part of the Duquesne spy ring operation.
He pleaded guilty, and received a sentence of twenty years in prison. During the trial and its aftermath, prosecutors and government spokesmen assured the public that the Norden bombsight hadn’t been entirely betrayed to the Germans and the secret remained safe. They claimed no one person at the factory had access to the full plans. However, it’s been noted the bombsight used by the Luftwaffe after 1938 bore a resemblance to the one stolen by Lang.
4The Ponte Vedra Foursome
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In Adolph Hitler’s planned Operation Pastorius, two groups of >Nazi saboteurs were landed on American shores in June 1942.
Like their counterparts, the mission of the Ponte Vedra foursome was simple: commit acts of sabotage and terrorism such as blowing up railways, locks, and canals; plant suitcase bombs in Jewish owned shops; and destroy New York City’s water system. The Florida group was led by John Edward Kerling, a German who had lived in America for years before returning to his homeland. These men didn’t have much training in spy craft, apart from some basic knowledge on how to set explosives. Regardless, they carried a fortune in cash and crates of equipment, which they buried in the sand on the beach where they came ashore.
They took a bus to downtown Jacksonville and then traveled to Cincinnati, Ohio, without incident, where they waited as instructed to rendezvous with the Long Island team headed by George Dasch. Unknown to Kerling, Dasch had blundered, causing his team to be arrested by the FBI, and he told the federal authorities everything he knew, including the when and where of his scheduled meeting with Kerling’s sabotage team.
Kerling and his three men were arrested, tried before a military tribunal, and executed by electric chair in August 1942, along with two from Dasch’s group.
3Dr. Ignatz Griebl, Spymaster
I Was A Hitler Agent
After serving with the German Army in WWI, Dr. Griebl—an obstetrician and surgeon—immigrated to the United States in 1925 and, after becoming a citizen, resided in New York City in Manhattan’s Yorkville district. Here, he became a community leader and a member of the U.S. Army Reserve. However, the apparently respectable doctor harbored a dark secret: he’d worked as an Nazi undercover agent since 1934.
By means of his diligent work, social contacts, and loyalty to the Nazi cause, Griebl gained the trust of Abwehr to such an extent that he became the primary coordinator and head of a widespread spy ring operating across the country. Information flowed from German intelligence agents in other cities like Boston, Norfolk, and Baltimore, directly into Griebl’s hands. He also sought out engineers with German-American backgrounds, and recruited them as moles to betray secret technical military and defense plans. Since no single federal agency in the U.S. had charge of investigating subversive acts, he was able to run his operation for years with virtual impunity, undetected. For his dedication, he received generous payments and an honorary commission as a captain in the Luftwaffe.
In 1938, one of his New York spies, Guenther Rumrich, was arrested by the FBI—and during his confession, he gave up Griebl’s game. In turn, after he was brought in for questioning, Griebl betrayed everyone in his network, naming names and offering details so readily that the FBI chose to release him, assuming he’d show up for the federal grand jury hearing.
He didn’t. The doctor wasted no time boarding a ship to Hamburg and escaping the United States. He eventually settled in Vienna, where he re-opened his medical practice, and did no further spying for Nazi Germany. As an interesting sidenote, Griebl was the only person to hold simultaneous commissions in both the U.S. and German military services.
Dr. Robert Goddard Rocket
An often-depressed, unmarried loner who seemed a bit of a harmless kook according to his co-workers, Guellich was actually a Nazi agent working for Ignatz Griebl’s spy network, and stealing America’s secrets through his job in a New Jersey shipyard.
The German born Guellich came to America in 1932, and was recruited by Griebl in 1935 due to his work as a metallurgist at the Federal Shipbuilding Co. in Kearney, NJ. Because of his position in the laboratory, Guellich had access to secret and restricted projects developed for the U.S. Navy, including guns and shells, destroyer blueprints, and samples of cables used on ships. The material was sent to Griebl, who forwarded it to Germany. It wasn’t long before Guellich’s diligence earned him a top spot in the Nazi spy network.
A report crossed Guellich’s desk detailing work by Robert H. Goddard, a pioneering rocket-propelled missile researcher. He sent a copy to Griebl. Berlin received the report with great interest, and ordered Guellich to obtain more information. He traveled to Goddard’s laboratory in Roswell, New Mexico to observe a test launch of the Nell missile. Guellich’s continued ferreting-out of secrets assisted German scientists in developing their own rockets.
Guellich was betrayed by Griebl following the latter’s arrest by the FBI. Like the other spies in the New York ring, he received a light sentence despite his espionage.
1William Sebold and the Duquesne Spy Ring
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Admittedly, this one’s claim to a place on this list is a little tenuous—but given its relation to many of the spies mentioned already, it seems fitting to include the matter here.
South African Frederick “Fritz” Duquesne’s hatred of Britain, which had its origin in the Boer Wars, caused him to become a turncoat and spy for the Germans in WWI. He saw no reason to switch his loyalties when he moved to New York City and became a naturalized U.S. citizen. He eventually volunteered as a spy for Abwehr. Working at 120 Wall Street, Duquesne set up an extensive professional espionage network, collecting information from Nazi agents and moles at strategic locations in the United States.
Unknown to Duquesne, the Gestapo and Abwehr attempted to recruit another potential spy, William Sebold—a native German who had become a naturalized U.S. citizen—during his visit home in 1939. His family still lived in Germany. Afraid they might face reprisals if he refused outright, Sebold agreed to be a Nazi spy, but as soon as possible, he quietly went to the U.S. Consulate in Cologne and offered his services to America as a double-agent.
After returning to the U.S. in 1940, Sebold assisted the FBI in setting up a surveillance operation against Duquesne’s spy network. With his cooperation, federal agents were also able to use his assigned codes to send disinformation by shortwave radio to Abwehr.
In December 1941, just six days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the FBI began arresting members of the Duquesne spy ring, including Fritz Duquesne himself—reaching a total of thirty-three spies in all. The operation was the largest round up of foreign intelligence agents in America. Some pleaded guilty, others went to trial—and all were convicted.
William Sebold, however, disappeared—and his fate remains uncertain. Some believe that he was given a new identity to protect him from Nazi revenge. The 1945 film, The House on 92nd Street, is a fictionalized account of William Sebold and the Duquesne spy ring.
Nene AdamsNene Adams is a published author, editor, historian, and American expatriate living in the Netherlands in a ménage à trois with her book collection and her lovely partner.
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GEHLEN DIES AT 77; - The New York Times

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The Americans poured money into General Gehlen's organization after the war and it was reported to have sent operatives to advise various African and Asian countries.
The influence and reputation of General Gehlen waned after his friend, former Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, died in 1967. Critics attacked his anti‐Soviet views as outdated. But his network remained active, and he accurately forecast the Soviet‐led invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968 and the date of the outbreak of the Arab‐Israeli war in 1967.
Said Bormann Was Soviet Agent
In a book after his retirement, General Gehlen asserted that Martin Bormann, one of Hitler's closest aides, had been a Soviet agent and escaped to the Russians when Berlin fell in 1945. Moscow scoffed at the assertion. Later, a skeleton found in Berlin was said to be that of Bormann.
General Gehlen, son of an officer who fought in World War I, was born at Erfurt, now in East Germany, on April 3, 1902. He joined the German Army in 1921 and served as an artillery and cavalry officer and later joined the intelligence service.
The general married Herta von Seydlitz‐Kurzbach and they had four children. Critics charged that he arranged to give posts in his service to at least 16 relatives.
In retirement, General Gehlen lived near Starnbergersee in Bavaria and devoted most of his time to the Evangelical Church.
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Gen. Reinhard Gehlen in uniform during World War II.
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Why Do We Repeat the Past?

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“If you can’t repeat your past…
What then are ‘mistakes’ which become [habitual]
Are they not of the past? Isn’t it repetition? I daresay…!” 

~ Merlana Krishna Raymond
Humans seek comfort in the familiar. Freud called this repetition compulsion, which he famously defined as “the desire to return to an earlier state of things.”
This takes form in simple tasks. Perhaps you watch your favorite movie over and over, or choose the same entrée at your favorite restaurant. More harmful behaviors include repeatedly dating people who might emotionally or physically abuse you. or using drugs when overcome with negative thoughts. Freud was more interested in the harmful behaviors that people kept revisiting, and believed that it was directly linked to what he termed “the death drive,” or the desire to no longer exist.
But there may be a different reason.
It could be that many of us develop patterns over the years, whether positive or negative, that become ingrained. We each create a subjective world for ourselves and discover what works for us. In times of stress, worry, anger, or another emotional high, we repeat what is familiar and what feels safe. This creates rumination of thoughts as well as negative patterns in reactions and behaviors.
As an example, someone who struggles with insecurities and jealousy will find that when his significant other does not return a call or text immediately, his mind begins to wander to negative and faulty thoughts. The thoughts begin to accumulate and emotionally overwhelm the person, which leads to false accusations and unintentional harm to the relationship.
In spite of not wanting to react this way, the person has created a pattern over years that then becomes familiar to him. To react differently, although more positively, would feel foreign. When someone has done something the same way for years, he or she will continue to do so, even if it causes harm for both herself and others.
People also revert to earlier states if the behavior is in any way rewarding, or if it confirms negative self-beliefs. For someone who inflicts self-harm in a time of emotional distress, it is a behavior that momentarily relieves the pain even if later on the individual feels shame over it. In the example of a person who continuously enters abusive relationships, we might find that he or she is highly insecure and does not believe that he or she is worthy of being cared for.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), and rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) can provide effective treatment routes for reshaping thought patterns that lead to maladaptive behaviors. These types of therapeutic approaches focus on bringing awareness to cognitive distortions, irrational beliefs, and negative thought tracks.
By working on different techniques, one can learn how to recognize when thoughts or actions are more harmful than beneficial, and how to stop them from occurring. The brain’s cognitive processes will be rewired and retrained to develop new patterns that are productive, rational, and positive, which ultimately leads to more adaptive behaviors and choices.
It takes years for people to develop maladaptive patterns, habits, and repetitive choices, and it may also take years to reshape them into something that becomes worth revisiting.
References
Dryden, W. (Ed.). (2012). Cognitive Behaviour Therapies. SAGE Publications Limited.
Inderbitzin, L. B., & Levy, S. T. (1998). Repetition compulsion revisited: implications for technique. The Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 67(1), 32.

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